The Cycle of Failure
We've all been in the situation with that "difficult" student in our class where they shut down, let out a sign of discontent and throw an assignment aside while saying something like "I'm not doing this!". I know this can be frustrating as an educator but I want you to think about something other than trying to correct the students action but I want you to think: "Why are they doing this?".
Chances are (depending on what age you teach) that student has not been successful in school for most of their academic career. When they give effort, in return they get low grades, judgement or looks of disappointment. If this has been happening for 3, 5 or 10 years I can't really blame them for shutting down and not wanting to continue the cycle of failure they are stuck in. This can help explain no only the actions of the student but the reasons behind it.
Re-Framing Failure as Opportunity...