Ask any teacher about the challenges of the classroom, and somewhere near the top of that list will be getting children to listen. Particularly in the early childhood classroom, we’re not only working with all the competing stimuli around us (squirrel!) but also with impulse control and other executive functions that are in the early stages of development. With so many factors working against you, getting a room full of young children to listen can be quite the challenge.
But there are also things we do as we speak to children that may increase or lessen the likelihood that children will actually be listening. Here are 6 ways we may be unintentionally telling children NOT to listen, and how to correct that:
1. Making it Sound Optional
Sometimes we give a direction, but present it as a choice. “Should we sing that song again?” “Help us pick up the blocks, OK?” In our adult world we know the subtleties that imply that these aren’t really optional, but that’s all lost on young children. Adults often give what they believe are polite directions, only to be met with a polite, “No, thank you.” So make directions...well...direct.
That doesn’t mean we have to bark or be impolite. In fact, studies have shown that children respond best to directions that are spoken softly and worded positively. We simply need to be more clear. Instead of the ambivalent examples above, try: “We’re going to sing the song again.” “Please pick up the blocks with us. Thank you!”
2. Creating the Wrong Picture
Like I mentioned above, children respond best when directions are worded positively. I call this “Say What You Need to See” when I work with parents and teachers. If the directions you give are painting a mental picture that is opposite of what you want, or if your comments don’t clarify what you need, kids are likely to misread your directions.
Here’s an example: “Don’t bounce in your seat, please.” While the intent is to get one or two rowdy children to settle down, the visual image created is not one of stillness, but of someone bouncing in his seat. I can’t tell you how many times I’ve seen this type of instruction given to a group of children, and not only do the original bouncers not stop, but the whole room suddenly begins to bounce as the vivid and alluring verbal image of bouncing has crept into the minds of every child in earshot.
Instead, “Please be sure your bottom is in your chair, your feet are on the floor, and your eyes are on our speaker. We want to be polite listeners for our guest....” The verbal image is of what you DO want to see. There is less misunderstanding and you’re not swimming upstream against the visual of what you DON’T want to see.
3. Avoiding Eye Contact
Adults are busy. But when we don’t take the time to get on a child’s level when we’re talking, it’s less likely the child will take in what we have to say. It’s not always that they’re choosing to ignore us, it’s that they haven’t really been invited to listen yet. Stop moving, get low, make contact, and you’ll be surprised at how much more attention you get!
4. Saying Too Much
Young children often have trouble processing multiple steps of instructions given all at once. When we find kids aren’t following our directions, it may be a sign we need to scale back and give only one or two instructions at a time.
Sometimes that means slowing down and pausing after each instruction to allow them time to process. (“Make sure your hands are in your lap *pause*, your body is still *pause* and your eyes are looking at the speaker *pause*.”) Sometimes that means having them check back after each task before getting the next instruction. Sometimes it means drawing out the steps on a picture checklist to help each child work independently, one step at a time. Or perhaps it means politely asking kids to repeat your instructions back to make sure they’ve heard each part.
5. Forgetting to Connect
We adults are doers. We jump right in and get to work. But when we want children to listen, they need to first know that we understand and care. Part of connecting is what we covered in point 3. But it also means validating emotions (“I see that you’re feeling....”) and using elements like humor and story telling in the way we talk with them to make real connections and draw them in.
Here’s one example. When my oldest would get upset that his younger brothers were ruining his Lego structures, my knee-jerk reaction was to simply point out that he’d left them out where they could get them.
Didn’t accomplish much.
I’m not sure he even heard anything, other than that his mom was saying it was his own fault.
Then he approached my husband.
My husband acknowledge his frustration, curled up with him, and launched into a story from his own childhood. “You know your Uncle Roger? He is my little brother. And when I was little I loved to do puzzles. Well, of course, when Roger was little, he liked to take some of the pieces...........So then Grammy said I could do my puzzles in that room with the door shut so that Roger couldn’t get to the pieces. Can you think of a place where YOU could work on your projects without YOUR little brothers getting to it?”
Much more effective. (#dadsforthewin)
6. Failing to Follow Through
Words lack meaning, when we lack action. When we state a boundary (“Throwing balls needs to happen outside, not inside.”) but then allow it to be ignored, we will continue to be ignored as well. As we set limits in the future, they’ll continue to be challenged as children test to see which boundaries we actually intend to keep.
When you say, “We need to wash hands before snack time,” make sure that’s what happens. When you say, “I won’t let you climb on the table,” be sure the child is removed each time she climbs up.
Firm limits and follow-through are an important part of respectful, positive child guidance. This follow-through doesn’t have to sound harsh or authoritarian. But it does need to be clear and consistent.
What do you do to invite children to listen?