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One Project, Many Outcomes Through Project Based Learning

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My fifth-grade social studies teacher is to blame, or to credit, for the kind of teacher I am today. I couldn't wait to get into her class. That was the year we would get to learn about the history of Alberta! I wasn't the only one buzzing about it either. My classmates were excited too. We couldn't wait!

So what made us so excited to learn history and look forward to going into grade five? It sure wasn't the thought of having excellent class discussions, gleaning the pages of a new textbook or even our love for sitting in desks all day, that got our enthusiasm revved. In fact, we all knew that though we would inevitably do those things, they would be in the context of this amazing project that everyone who entered Mrs. Wallman's grade five class would get to do. That was the year we would get to put on the Alberta History Fair!

All year long we learned in preparation for the final project. We learned about the food of the pioneers, so we could prepare it for taste tests at the fair. We learned about the clothing, so we could dress up in time-period fashion for the fair. We made maps and learned the names of all the locations, rivers, and regions so that we could display huge maps and explain to fair-goers, the important historical events that had occurred at these places. We created skits about these events, and we practiced square-dancing. We wanted to put on a show that our audience would not forget. In short, the project provided us with purpose and allowed us to "experience" history as we learned. The “fair” motivated us to learn. After all, we had to be the "experts" when the guests arrived. To this day, grade five is one of my most memorable years of schooling. Think back to your schooling. What do you remember the most? I would venture to guess that it is the projects that you did. Therein lies the beauty of teaching through projects! When we are learning to accomplish something greater than just the learning itself, then we are willing to take on new challenges and work through them to get to the end result. All the curriculum objectives were accomplished and connected for us through that project. We cared about history because we wanted to put on the fair! What about the time factor to teach the curriculum? I don't have time to do a project for every unit. I already hear the critics expounding their protests and I offer the following guidelines:

1. One project, many outcomes/objectives: Many of your year's outcomes can be brought together and achieved in one project that is accomplished over the year. An example of one such project was a "Smoovie" project that my grade four class did. The class wanted to make a "movie" of a novel that I wrote for them, called The Jewel of Peru. Through the project, they practiced and learned many of the language arts, art, and technology, outcomes in the curriculum. In art, we had lessons about horizon lines, perspective, color and texture to create the backgrounds. In language arts they listened to the story, did vocabulary searches for the words so they would fully understand the story, they rephrased, summarized, retold and practiced reading their chapters with expression and voices. The project provided a natural reason to read the story over and over again, improving their fluency. The result was that they produced a great audio track for the smoovie. The technology outcomes were many, too. They learned how to navigate the iPad's, how to produce audio files, how to do stop animation and edit out scenes. They blogged about their projects on Kidblog, thus improving their writing while learning how to do safe blogging on the internet. This is not to mention the many social skills that were practiced through the collaborations that took place while they planned, produced and shared their projects. The story, too, had a plot that embedded many science and social studies outcomes. They learned about rocks and minerals, rainforest, caring for the environment, hearing and sound, community, etc.. Learning and teaching were never so much fun!

2. Know the outcomes and share with the students how you will evaluate each part of the project. One project will also have many different assessments within. I assessed their artwork, according to each of the lesson objectives. I assessed their blog posts for content, organization, and conventions. I provided students with rubrics, checklists and exemplars to show them what their project should look like and sound like. Such feedback is a valuable part of the learning process as our students need it to grow.

3. Be organized. A project will be successful when it is well organized and students are given clear guidance about the time, the expectations, the resources, and the tools that are at their disposal to complete the project. Planning up front will save you a lot of headaches as the project gets under way and allows you more time to act as the facilitator of learning while the students are busy working.

As we plan for the start of a new year, it is my hope that each of us will have some captivating projects that will provide our students with a purpose for learning this year. This was the reason that I wrote a novel based on the curriculum. It allows me to create so many spin-off projects that bring the curriculum to life and allow my students to experience the learning rather than just talk about it. I hope you find some wonderful projects, too! Come back and share them with me through your replies. I would love to hear from you and I’m always on the lookout for more project ideas for my own classroom. Let’s share!

The final project can be seen at Our Grade Four Smoovie Project

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Sharon Skretting is the author of The Ultimate Treasure Quest I: The Jewel of Peru, and the founder of the Quest Teaching blog-site. She has been teaching elementary school for twenty years. Being able to use her love of writing to excite her students about learning is a dream come true for Sharon. Her goal is to write fast paced, excellent literature, filled with interesting characters, danger and intricate plots that will help make students make connections to curricular concepts. The website is filled with technology, teacher tools and interactive learning quests related to curriculum.

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